Fast Facts about Bones
- Bones make up the body’s skeleton. They protect the organs and help move muscles.
- There are 206 bones in the adult body.
- Bones are living tissues that constantly add new bone and remove old bone (bone remodeling).
- Around the age of 25-30, bones are as hard and strong as they will ever be.
Strong Bones are Healthy Bones
- During the childhood and teenage years the bones grow in mass (size) and density (hardness).
- It is important to make your bones as strong as possible when you are young because everyone loses bone
- strength (bone mass) as they get older.
- Osteoporosis: Bone disease in older adults when bones become weak and brittle and break easily.
- Strong bones early in life results in stronger bones later in life!
Ways to Strengthen Bones
- Calcium and vitamin D are the nutrients bones need to be
- Calcium is found in many foods: Dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese), nuts, orange juice with added calcium, dark and
- leafy greens, beans, and others.
- Vitamin D is found in canned fish and is also added to many foods with calcium. Sunshine also gives the body vitamin D.
- Calcium supplements (chews, tablets) are available but it is important to talk to your doctor first before taking them.